Pharmacy Profession has a huge potential & demand , not only in India, but abroad also.
Pharmacists are responsible for the preparation, dispensing and appropriate use of medication and which provides services to achieve optimal therapeutic outcomes. A Pharmacists job is to dispense drugs and medicines, ointments, powder, pills, tablets and injections on the prescription of a medical practitioner, dentist .
In B Pharmacy and M Pharmacy, they are concerned with production of pharmaceutical products, development of the methods or processes of production and quality control. Those in research concern themselves with synthesis of new drugs (what is commonly referred to as molecules), new processes, clinical testing of the effects of such drugs on animals and humans, and obtaining the required License from the drug control authorities. A pharmacist is required to explain the mode and precautions regarding the use of medicines dispensed in a hospital pharmacy, prepare special formulations normally not available in the market, assist the physician in rendering necessary information about various drugs, their contra-indications, incompatibility etc. .
The main courses in Pharmacy are the 2 years Diploma in Pharmacy (D.Pharm), 4 years Bachelor of Pharmacy (B.Pharm), 2 years Master of Pharmacy (M.Pharm) and PhD programmes. Eligibility for D.Pharm/B.Pharm is 10+2 pass Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics or Biology. At the masters level (M Pharm) specialization is available in various streams. And after M.Pharm candidates can go for PhD programme in some specific areas.
Main entrance exams for the admissions to pharmacy courses are State wise entrance exams, AIEEE (for degree courses) GATE (post graduation) etc. Institutions like IITs and some other institutions also accept the score of these entrance exams. After obtaining a diploma or degree in pharmacy, and registering with the state Pharmacy Council, it is possible set up your own pharmacy or chemists and druggists shop to stock and sell medicines and dispense them according to doctor prescription.
India has a vast and growing pharmaceutical industry. Increasing number of hospitals, nursing homes and pharmaceuticals companies all over the country is a clear indication of the growing scope in this area. Pharmacy offers reasonably good career opportunities both by way of jobs as well as in terms of starting your own business.
The job avenues for a pharmacist are with pharmaceutical industry, government departments, universities, teaching hospitals, investigation and research institute etc. Within the pharmaceutical industry you might be involved in activities relating to the development, formulation, production or marketing of new drugs for clinical use. Drug control administration and armed forces also offer a wide range of opportunities to pharmacists. Appointments are also available in sale promotion work as medical representatives. As a Medical Representative he keeps the medical practitioner informed about the new drugs and treatments developed by various pharmaceutical companies and thus indirectly promote their sales.
M.pharm or Ph.D holders are normally absorbed in research work, to develop new useful drugs, in laboratories and in production work in pharmaceutical industry and analyzing them for purity and strength. Pharmacist may also take up teaching as a profession as lectures in pharmacy colleges and universities.
Pharmacists are hired within the central and state government departments- the Health Protection Branch of the Department of Health and Welfare, the Pest Control Division of Agriculture, the Department of National Defense, Provincial Research Councils, and the Provincial Departments of Agriculture or the Environment. There is also employment opportunities within the food and cosmetic industries or within any other industry that requires the assurance that new products are as safe and effective as possible. In government departments, a pharmacist maintains proper records according to various Government acts governing the profession of pharmacy.
Some of the B.Pharm graduates are choosing to fly overseas and make their career bright. By scoring well in GRE, TOEFL, IELTS etc entrances they can pursue M.S, MBA and other pharmacy related courses in US, UK, Australia etc.
M.Pharm is master degree of pharmacy in various branches or subjects like pharmaceutics, pharmacology, pharmacognosy, pharmaceutical/medicinal chemistry, pharmaceutical marketing, pharmacy practice, quality assurance, ph. technology, ph. administration, ph. science, Bulk drug Tech, Industrial Pharmacy, pharmaceutical analysis, pharmaceutical biotechnology. All the branches are distinct and have rejoicing scope. Many industries are reliance on master students than bachelors as they are specialized in particular branch with better knowledge. GATE-PY is discontinued from 2010, so it may effect some academically good students but still some good universities have their own enterances.
Pharm.D is brand new option for graduates in India. It is total 3 years course out of which 2 years of academics and 1 year of training in hospital. Then, appear for NAPLEX and one can registered as pharmacist in most of the countries. It involves all the aspects of clinical pharmacology and drug administration covering chiefly drug interactions and adverse effects. It will going to prove more ascent to pharmacist.
Marketing: There is a big scope in sales dept of pharmaceutical companies making tools and machines for research, these companies hire graduates for their marketing and sales as MR, project managers etc. Here salary ranges from 7-20 thousand. Pharmaceutical MBA is most heyday in this field.
Clinical research: Recently, Clinical research has also open its door for B.Pharm graduates as medical underwriter, CRO, data validation associate, clinical research associate etc.
Production: Large rate of vacancies are appearing in pharma industries for production. All the big firms invite suitable skill pharma individual in manufacturing units. Initial pay is less around 6000-10000 per month but later it show faster growth rate than any other line. Manufacture of pharmaceuticals involve all the drugs in different dosage forms and cosmetics.
: Some government jobs like government analysis is associated with it. They have to develop, apply, revise, and maintain quality standards for processing materials into partially finished or finished products. Helps in designing and implementing methods and procedures for inspecting, testing, and evaluating the precision and accuracy of products and prepares documentation for inspection testing procedures.
Scientists: Pharma graduates can absorb as scientist in R&D and F&D. It is field of innovation where talented people in pharmacy working as scientist. Numerous researches are going on in India though compare to less than US and other British industries. Very less candidate from B.Pharm are selected because lack of knowledge but those who have all ideas of subject are greeted in this field.
Lecturer: Usually, graduates in pharmacy can also make their career in academics. In some institutions they are eligible to work as lecturer for diploma students
Top Colleges Offering UG/PG/Other Courses
Pharmacy courses are offered by many pharmacy colleges and universities. Some names are given below.DIPSAR, New Delhi(prev. known as Collage of Pharmacy) Birla Institute of Technology, Ranchi; Indian Institute of Pharmacy, Jamshedpur; Hamdard University, New Delhi; Collage of Pharmaceutical Science, Manipal; Trivendrum College of Pharmaceutical Science, Trivendrum; Collage of Pharmacy, Indore; Bombay College of Pharmacy, Mumbai; Sri Jayadev College of Pharmaceutical Science, Puri; Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani; Annamalai University, Tamil Nadu; Madras Medical College, Chennai; Baneras Hindu University, Varanasi; Jadavpur University, Calcatta.
Pharmacists get reasonable salary in government and private hospitals, clinics and diagnostic laboratories etc. The average starting salary of a pharmacists ranges between Rs.20,000 per month in hospitals and in clinics. Those working in private hospitals and clinics have more income than those of government employees. Those who are doing private practice are earning handsome returns depending upon their skill and popularity. Those working in private sector pharmaceutical companies have basic pay of Rs 25000 to Rs 30000 depending upon qualification and experiences. Medical Representatives are earning on an average Rs 20000 to Rs 25000 per months.
In all Health care projects now ,Pharmacist ,is an important link & international health bodies like WHO etc .have highlighted the professional importance of pharmacist, in health chain.